White Collar Crimes
NOTE: We also have attorneys that practice criminal law in New York! Please contact the office for more information on New York criminal Law
“White collar crime” can oftentimes be difficult for people to define. It is an umbrella term given to those offenses that are financially motivated, nonviolent, and more often committed by administration, management, or professionals. These individuals stereotypically wear white-collared dress shirts at their offices, in contrast to the working-class “blue collar”. Below you will find information on matters that the attorneys at Maya Murphy frequently handle, though this is certainly a non-exhaustive overview.
White collar crimes are particularly complex and difficult to litigate, and convictions may result in an adverse impact on one’s available career opportunities, professional memberships and licensure, and the like. Maya Murphy has a history of experience representing clients in civil and criminal regulatory investigations on both the state and federal levels. Whether you have been the subject of a bribery, embezzlement, extortion, false pretenses, forgery, fraud, money laundering, or racketeering investigation, our experience with the law, state and federal regulators, and relevant statutes and regulations, allow us to work with the specific facts of an investigation to achieve as favorable a result as possible. Please do not hesitate to call our office at 203-221-3100 today to schedule a consultation.
A person commits bribery when he or she promises, offers, confers, or agrees to confer some sort of benefit upon a public servant (or one chosen to be a public servant) in exchange for the recipient’s decision, opinion, recommendation, or vote. By way of example, this can occur when a town official accepts kickbacks and in return agrees to sell city-owned property to the briber for far below its assessed value.
“Embezzlement” is a method of committing a larceny. A person commits embezzlement when he wrongfully appropriates someone else’s property to himself or another and the victim was in his care or custody at the time. For example, it may happen when a financial advisor withholds the funds of his investors and holds or uses it for other purposes.
Extortion involves obtaining property by compelling or inducing another person to deliver that property by instilling in him a fear that if he does not comply, something terrible will occur. Such threatened actions include:
- The future infliction of physical injury to some person
- Property damage
- Exposing a secret or publicizing an asserted fact, irrespective of its truth, that tends to subject a person to hatred, contempt, or ridicule
In Connecticut, obtaining property by false pretenses is a method of committing a larceny. This crime takes place when someone intends to defraud another person and uses any false token, pretense, or device to obtain property from that other person. For example, an individual intentionally lies about being a non-smoker to obtain insurance coverage that would otherwise deny his application due to his smoking habits. If the victim of this crime is either sixty (60) years of age or older, blind, or physically disabled, the punishment imposed may be particularly harsh.
In Connecticut, a person commits forgery when he or she falsely makes, completes, or alters a written instrument, or issues or possesses such instrument with knowledge that it is forged. As a specific intent crime, it requires that the prosecution prove that the individual intended to defraud, deceive, or injure another person.
In this context, a written instrument can cover items that embody or convey information, such as a deed, will, public record, or prescription. It also encompasses issues of money, stamps, securities, stocks, and bonds. In situations involving these classes of forged documents, the penalties that can be imposed are heightened compared to more mundane instruments.
Money laundering constitutes the exchange, in one or more transactions, of one or more monetary instruments derived from felonious criminal conduct. It may occur in many forms, such as double-invoicing and structuring (also known as “smurfing”), which involves splitting a sum of money into small amounts, then using these to purchase bearer instruments and depositing those in small amounts as well. The intent or knowledge of the participant will affect the severity of the sentence imposed for conviction.
Contact Maya Murphy if you are need of white collar crimes assistance. We provide legal services for residents of New York and Connecticut from our New York City Offices and Westport. Call 203-221-3100 or 212-682-5700 for help today.